ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Sunday, November 17, 2019

Faunal Biodiversity

The various cultural, religious and traditional beliefs and rites of ancient Manipur were associated with the love and care of wildlife leading to their conservation. Examples include- a prince of Luwang clan transformed himself into Sangai (Manipur Brow antlered deer), a village girl being unable to bear the torture of her step mother became hornbill, every clan has a kind of fish or vegetable 'not to be tasted or eaten', every village maintained a sacred grove as a site of worshiping god and/or goddess called Umanglai/Umanglairembi; a variety of fish (Channa sp.), cock and even bull were released on the New Year or any auspicious day or on the marriage day, recapturing of released animals were forbidden etc. Folksongs like ke-kek-ke mo-mo--- sandrembi Thoraklo Nahum pondren sabige ---, etc were sung and they are related to love and affection of wild denizens.

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Black Creasted Bulbul 

Pycnonotusmelanicterus (Gmelin, 1789)

Local name: Khoiningkoktum

 Vertebrate Animals of India and Manipur

 

Category

India

Manipur

Mammals

370

120

Birds

1,200

500

Reptiles & Amphibians

580

100

Fishes 

1,700

170

Other Species of Wild Life (Fauna) described in Manipur

Name of the Species

 No. of Species

Annelida

16

Arthropoda

150 sp.

Mollusca

28 sp.

Nematoda

292 sp.

Zooplankton

More than 50 sp.